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Last Updated Friday April 20 2018 04:08 PM IST

All about first citizen robot Sophia and its ilk | graphic

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All about first citizen robot Sophia and its ilk | graphic Representative Image (Getty Images)

Humanoids are anything that resembles a human without being actually one.

In robotics, artificial intelligence-driven robots are being given the appearance of humans. Now, in a first Saudi Arabia has granted citizenship to Sophia, a humanoid.

To classify as a humanoid, the robot needs:

Opposable anterior forelimb-appendages (means usable thumbs and fingers)

Visible spectrum-binocular vision (two eye-like functional devices)

It should be bipedal (Should walk on two legs)

Male humanoids are androids and females, gynoids

Popular humanoids and its makers

NASA's Johnson Space Center, USA - Valkyrie Robot

humanoid

Boston Dynamics, US - ATLAS

Honda, Japan - ASIMO

Aldebaran, France - Nao

Toyota, Japan - Partner Robot

Sony, Japan - QRIO

Sarcos, USA - Humanoid

ROBOTIS, South Korea - Darwin-OP

Snippet: Guess who made the first humanoid. Leonardo Da Vinci's notebooks, rediscovered in the 1950s, contain detailed drawings of a mechanical knight in armour which could sit up, wave its arms and move its head and jaw.

Read: Latest World NewsFirst citizen robot Sophia takes a dig at Elon Musk

The opinions expressed here do not reflect those of Malayala Manorama. Legal action under the IT Act will be taken against those making derogatory and obscene statements.

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