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Last Updated Saturday April 21 2018 01:52 AM IST

How Dalit anger triggered a Maharashtra shutdown

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How Dalit anger triggered a Maharashtra shutdown Protesters set tyres ablaze in Nagpur a day after violence erupted in the village of Koregaon-Bhima on January 1 during the 200th anniversary celebrations of the Anglo-Maratha War between the army of Peshwa Bajirao II with a small force of the East India Company that comprised a large number of Dalits on January 2, 2018. IANS

Mumbai: December 29, 2017. It was a chilly afternoon at the sleepy hamlet of Vadhu Budruk, some three km from Koregaon-Bhima in Pune district.

Some unidentified miscreants had gathered at the tomb of a local hero, Govind Gopal Mahar (Gaikwad), and defiled a worn nameplate at the site.

A wrestler by profession, Gaikwad had performed the last rites of the 31-year-old Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj, who was assassinated in 1689 and his body severely mutilated by Emperor Aurangzeb's soldiers.

The Mughals had warned that anybody who dared to perform the last rites of the slain Maratha warrior king would be punished with death.

However, defying the orders, Gaikwad managed to stitch together the pieces of the king's body and later helped perform the last rites. Though he was later killed by the British, he has remained a symbol of 'Dalit pride and courage' since centuries.

For his courageous services, Gaikwad was honored with a memorial opposite the tomb of Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj, the eldest son of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.

Cut to December 31, 2017:

A 'Yalgar Parishad' was held in the historic Shaniwarvada area of Pune to commemorate the eve of the 200th anniversary of the historic Koregaon-Bhima war between the vanquished army of Peshwar Bajirao II, and a small force of victorious East India Company that comprised a large number of Mahar Dalits.

The conference saw power-packed speeches by several prominent personalities, including newly-elected Gujarat MLA Jignesh Mevani, Umar Khalid, Radhika Vemula, Soni Sori, Vinay Ratan Singh, Prashant Dontha and others.

The 200th anniversary of the Koregaon-Bhima battle of January 1, 1818 was celebrated as usual on Monday by the Koregaon-Bhima Shaurya Din Prerana Abhiyan and attended by an estimated 400,000 people from all over Maharashtra.

Despite tight security, some groups waving saffron flags allegedly threw stones at the gathering and this soon degenerated into violent riots, leading to the death of a 28-year-old youth from Nanded, Rahul Fatangale, with more than two scores of vehicles damaged.

Early on Tuesday (Jan 1) morning, Nationalist Congress Party president Sharad Pawar and Congress leader of opposition Radhakrishna Vikhe-Patil squarely blamed the state government for lapses resulting in the previous day's violence and appealed for peace and calm among all communities.

A grim chief minister Devendra Fadnavis hurriedly announced a judicial probe by a "sitting judge" of Bombay High Court, a CID investigation into the violence and compensation of Rs 1 million for the victim's family.

Moving swiftly amid rising Dalit furore, the police in Pune's Pimpri suburb lodged a complaint against Shivjagar Pratisthan president Sambhaji Bhide Guruji and Hindu Janjagruti Samiti president Milind Ekbote.

Two activists -- Akshay Bikkad and Anand Dhond -- lodged complaints with the Pune police on Wednesday (Jan 3) terming the December 31 speeches of Mevani and Khalid as being provocative and inciting the people "to come out on the roads and retaliate".

However, seething Dalit groups were unconvinced by the government assurances and Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangh, a Dalit party headed by Prakash Ambedkar -- the grandson of Dalit icon B R Ambedkar, called for a "peaceful Maharashtra shutdown" on Wednesday to express anger over the Pune incidents of January 1.

Meanwhile, a surging tide of Dalit anger engulfed large parts of Maharashtra with 187 buses of Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation (MSRTC) damaged in 31 districts, besides scores of private buses, trucks, vehicles and two-wheelers.

The country's commercial capital Mumbai was partially paralyzed and millions were stranded on roads and railway stations as Dalit groups indulged in road and rail blockages, processions and protest demonstrations on Tuesday.

The Dalit parties' sponsored 'Maharashtra Shutdown' on Wednesday (Jan 3) evoked huge response in Mumbai and other parts of the state due to rail and road blockages and protest marches, with the impact severe in the rural areas and Dalit strongholds in the state.

The shutdown was called off around 4.30 pm.

The shutdown and its background echoed in parliament with the Opposition parties like the Congress and others attacking the BJP-led government and demanding a statement from prime minister Narendra Modi.

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