New Delhi/Surat: The Congress on Thursday suspended senior leader Mani Shankar Aiyar from the primary membership of the party and issued him a show cause notice after he called prime minister Narendra Modi a "neech kism ka aadmi" (vile sort of man).
The disciplinary action against the Gandhi family loyalist came two days before the first phase of Assembly polls in Gujarat in what was seen as a bid by the grand old party to do some damage control before the crucial election.
Congress communications in-charge Randeep Surjewala said on Twitter the action showed the party's "Gandhian leadership" and respect for political rivals.
He asked Modi if he would "display such courage", in an apparent dig at the prime minister for not initiating action against BJP leaders who used similar language to describe Congress leaders.
"The Congress party has suspended Mani Shankar Aiyar from the primary membership of the party and served a show cause notice on him," Surjewala tweeted.
"This is Congress's Gandhian leadership and respect for its political rivals.... Will Modi ji display such courage," he asked.
Aiyar, 76, set off a political firestorm earlier in the day when he called Modi a "neech kism ka aadmi" (a vile sort of man), a remark the latter claimed was a casteist slur against him.
The former minister apologized later about using the word "neech" and told reporters he had said this to mean low, and not in reference to caste.
Insult to Gujarat: Modi
Modi, who was on campaign trail in the Patidar belt of Surat in poll-bound Gujarat, quickly seized on the comments that may prove potentially damaging for the Congress as it did on the last day of electioneering for the first phase of poll in the state on December 9, insisting he was targeted over his caste.
Modi said Aiyar's remark was an "insult" to Gujarat as he once again sought to stir a sense of Gujarati pride among the voters.
"He (Modi) is 'neech kism ka aadmi' (a vile man) who has no 'sabhyata' (civility)," Aiyar said, attacking Modi after the latter accused the Congress of seeking votes in B R Ambedkar's but trying to erase his contribution to nation building.
Modi quickly lapped up Aiyar's comment to launch a scalding attack on the Congress leader and his party.
"Shriman (Mr) Mani Shankar Aiyar today said that Modi is of 'neech' (lower) caste and is 'neech' (vile). Is this not an insult to Gujarat?
"You called us donkey, you called us 'gandi nali ka keeda' (worm of a dirty drain), you called us 'maut ka saudagar' (merchant of death), you said I am of 'neech jaati' (lower caste man) and 'neech'. But we will live according to our 'sanskars' (values)," Modi said, launching an onslaught against Congress leaders who called him names in the past.
"This is a Mughal mentality where if such a person (who comes from a humble background) wears good clothes in a village, they have a problem," he said.
Modi said he was following in the footsteps of Mahatma Gandhi who devoted his entire his life to the cause of poor and the "neech" (people of the lower strata of society)". "I am sitting with the 'neech' and will continue doing so even if you find me vile, my caste low," he said.
Rahul seeks apology
Rahul Gandhi, who is all set to take over the mantle of the Congress president from his mother Sonia Gandhi midway through the Gujarat polls, ticked off Aiyar.
"BJP and PM routinely use filthy language to attack the Congress party. The Congress has a different culture and heritage. I do not appreciate the tone and language used by Mr Mani Shankar Aiyer to address the PM. Both the Congress and I expect him to apologize for what he said," Gandhi said on Twitter.
Aiyar blames his poor Hindi
Chastised, Aiyar was soon on national television proffering clarification, insisting it was because of his poor understanding of Hindi language that he used the word, and tendering apology.
"I am told that 'neech' has many meanings, many connotations in Hindi, and if Mr Modi chooses to distort it to claim that it means low born, then all I can do is to apologize for having used a word that could be interpreted as low born. But that was not my intention at all and certainly not a part of my culture.
"Therefore, for the misinterpretation that can be given to the word, I extend my apologies, particularly since it is going to harm the Congress party's interests in Gujarat," he said.
Aiyar said he was asked about Modi's criticism of the Congress at an event and "the bulk of my answer dealt with Modi's very, very nasty remarks about the Congress party and Dr Ambedkar and I used the word 'neech'."
He said his "intention was not to talk of his (Modi's) family".
When repeatedly asked if he was tendering apology for calling Modi 'neech', Aiyar said,"Do I apologize about the word 'low'? No. Do I apologize about the word that is translated which says 'low born'? Absolutely yes."
The Congress leader said he does not think Modi was low born "but the language...I would say is very low".
Modi, at his rally in Surat, which has a sizeable population of Patidars, a section of whom are on a warpath with the government over reservation for the community, said people will give a befitting reply to the Congress through the ballot box.
Displays elitist mindset: Jaitley
Finance minister Arun Jaitley also hit out at Aiyar, saying his 'neech' remark against the prime minister "displays a mindset that only one elite family can be a ruler and the rest are only the neech."
"The Congress party has challenged the weaker and backward sections of India by calling the prime minister as neech. The strength of India's democracy will be displayed when a person of humble background politically defeats the dynasty and its representatives," he said.
BJP chief Amit Shah said he was neither shocked nor surprised by Aiyar calling the prime minister neech.
"Yamraj, Maut Ka Saudagar, Ravan, Gandi Nali Ka Keeda, Monkey, Rabies Victim, Virus, Bhasmasur, Gangu Teli and Goon. These are some words or phrases Congress has used for PM @narendramodi in the past. Not much has changed. We wish them well. We will continue to serve 125 crore Indians," he tweeted.
Aiyar's 'neech' jibe at Modi was the latest in a series of ill-timed personal attacks by him on top BJP leaders.
His 'chaiwala' barb against Modi ahead of the 2014 Lok Sabha polls gave the then BJP's prime ministerial candidate a stick to beat the Congress how with, as election results showed.
In 1998, he had called the then prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, a widely respected leader, 'nalayak' (incompetent), a Hindi word considered a pejorative. Aiyar apologized after the backlash.