Thiruvananthapuram: Even as the God's Own Country boasts of topping the social progress indices (SPI) chart, a National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) report has taken the sheen off its glory. According to the NCRB report, Kerala has claimed the dubious distinction of being second for highest crime rate in the country in 2016.
The report says the state is second only to Delhi on this count. Kerala is among the top four states which recorded maximum number of crimes under Indian Penal Code (IPC) in 2016. According to the crime in India 2016 statistics released by home minister Rajnath Singh on Thursday, Kerala accounted for 8.7% of all crimes under IPC in 2016, only behind Uttar Pradesh (9.5%), Madhya Pradesh (8.9%) and Maharashtra (8.8%).
While Delhi reported the highest crime rate (974.9 per 1 lakh population) under IPC crimes, Kerala was at 727.6 and Madhya Pradesh came third with 337.9. This figures are in stark contrast to the national average of 233.6.
Rate of IPC crimes is defined as number of IPC crimes per one lakh population.
Of the total 29.75 lakh cases of IPC crimes in India during 2016, Kerala accounted for 2.60 lakh.
The state also got another dubious distinction by registering maximum number of cases under special and local laws (SLL) at 24.1%, followed by Gujarat and Tamil Nadu (15.5% each).
In SLL crimes, Kerala's average of 1,252.7 is also way above the national average of 145.7.
The incidence of reporting crimes is also high in Kerala unlike other states.
Kochi came second in maximum number of cases reported for investigation at 38,150 below Chennai (1,09,781).
In maximum cases for trial, Kochi came third with 1,41,121, behind Surat (3,23,541) and Pune (1,63,152).
The second most number of convictions in metro cities was also in Kochi (21,112) behind Chennai (87,450) followed by Kanpur (15,641 cases).
In dowry death cases, Kerala reported just 25 incidents accounting for just 0.1%.
In cases of assault on women with intent to outrage modesty, Kerala has a rate of 22.1 per lakh population, below Madhya Pradesh (23.3) and Assam 21.3. But in number of incidences in this category, Kerala has reported 4,029 while MP has more than double the number at 8,717. Interestingly, Maharashtra, which reported the highest number of cases in the category (11,396) has a rate of 19.8 per lakh population and Uttar Pradesh with 11,335 has a lower rate of 10.8.
In sexual harassment (Section 354A of IPC), Kerala has reported 1,273 cases and 1,280 victims.
In kidnapping and abduction with compulsion to marriage cases (Section 366 of IPC), Kerala reported just 55 incidents and 56 victims with a rate of 0.3.
Only Goa, Sikkim (no cases), Mizoram (1) and Nagaland (1) fare better than Kerala on this count.
In human trafficking cases (Section 370-370A of IPC), Kerala reported
24 cases and 254 victims.
In rape cases, Kerala reported 9.1 incidents per lakh population. The break up is 1,637 rape cases and 19 gang rapes.
In attempt to commit rape, Kerala recorded just 42 incidents.
On the positive side, murder, kidnapping and abduction and offenses against public tranquility, Kerala is almost at the bottom of the chart. Uttar Pradesh topped the first two sections.
In rape cases, Madhya Pradesh (4,882), Uttar Pradesh
(4,816) and Maharashtra (4,189) shared the dubious distinctions.
Delhi accounted for 38.8% of total IPC crimes reported in metropolitan cities followed by Bengaluru (8.9%) and Mumbai (7.7%).
The NCRB has collated the data obtained from police and central law enforcement agencies in states and Union Territories.
A new chapter on missing persons and children has been included in the list following a Supreme Court directive. Another new addition is crimes in 19 metropolitan cities or cities with a population of 20 lakh or above.
According to social progress indices report, Kerala had topped the chart scoring 68.09 points. The SPI report, which analyzed the social progress of the states and UTs from 2005 to 2016, had looked at three major indices like basic human needs, foundation of well-being and opportunities