India to witness major improvement in knee, hip surgeries

Knee.
Robotic system for hip and Knee surgery is transforming the way hip and knee replacements are performed. Photo: IANS
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New Delhi: With the fast adoption of robot-assisted surgeries, orthopaedic surgeries have come of age globally and India is at the threshold of witnessing a dramatic change when it comes to knee and hip surgeries, a US-based expert has said.

According to Dr Thomas Coon, Founder and Medical Director of Coon Joint Replacement Institute in San Francisco, the greatest changes have been in the area of knee and hip surgeries.

"With the addition of robotics, new materials allow us to have longer lasting joints and improve function for the patient. A large number of adults are afflicted with quite severe arthritis of the knee. The procedures we've developed really help to make that much better to prolong life and overall health," Coon told IANS.

According to him, very few procedures he was originally trained to perform 35 years ago are still in practice.

"There have been two major evolutionary changes in the knee replacement world in the past 15 years. The first being, the adoption of minimally invasive surgery, which I'm credited with inventing.

"The second being robotics which I'm also a part of the pioneering group and design surgeon for that process. I am very pleased that those results have been very good for patients," informed Coon who was in the capital this month to train surgeons and help introduce the robotic platform in the country.

He told the surgeons how the "Mako" robotic system for hip and Knee surgery - a robotic-arm assisted surgical technology - is transforming the way hip and knee replacements are performed.

"We are using 3D planning with Mako as it is based on CT scan. CT scan allows us to better reproduce the normal anatomy.

"Secondly, we are not just navigating cutting block or an alignment tool but also navigating the tip of the cutting instrument, that allows us to do a much better and accurate job with our bone cuts," he explained.

Coon has been using the Mako robotic system for partial knee replacement since 2006 and for the total knee for nearly four years now.

"We're now getting early investigative data that is showing that patient satisfaction is statistically significantly better with the Makoplasty system," he said.

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