Exercises play a crucial role with regards to leading a healthy life. Even when you are ill, there are a few exercises that would be suitable for you condition. Even asthma patients can and must do exercises. Only a strong body will have resistance to ailments. But, in some cases, asthma intensifies when the patient does exercises. This condition is known as Exercise Induced Bronchoconstriction (EIB). Earlier, it was known as Exercise Induced Asthma.
As every exercise requires a large amount of oxygen inhalation, it is natural that one feels palpitations and finds it difficult to breathe while working out. This phenomenon was mistakenly interpreted as asthmatic attack in early times. 90 percrent of those people suffering from EIB also experience this phenomenon. If certain precautions are taken, even asthmatic patients can do exercises without being affected by such breathing difficulties.
Causes for EIB
Cough, wheezing, chest congestion, shortness of breath etc are the common symptoms of Exercise Induced Bronchoconstriction (EIB). The symptoms will begin to occur when an EIB patient has worked out for 5 – 10 minutes. The symptoms get worse about five or 10 minutes after the patient stops doing exercises. Sometimes, the symptoms disappear when the patient has rested for 20 minutes or even half-an-hour. Nonetheless, for some patients, after a brief relief, the symptoms recur progressively. This second session often lingers for half a day or even an entire day.
The main reason for exercise induced asthma is breathing though the mouth. This is because when we breathe through the mouth, there is more chance for drying and cooling down of the air. It results in the contraction of the air passage (Broncho constriction). These people should not do exercise at cool places and places with dry air. Instead they should choose places where they get plenty of warm air.
Pay attention to these things
Those prone to asthma should consult the doctor before doing any exercise. He will examine the condition of your lungs before and after the exercises, and prescribe an exercise plan after studying the variations. This will help you get rid of potential breathing threats during the exercise.
Those who have got EIB must pay attention to these things:
1. Avoid doing exercise in cold/dry weather condition
2. Avoid outdoor exercises like long distance running and football. Indoor exercises are better.
3. Select warm and humid places for work outs.
4. Avoid doing any exercise when EIB symptoms are present.
5. Always keep the medicines prescribed by the doctor with you at all times.
6. It is better to have a helper with you while doing exercises.
7. You should learn to identify the early symptoms of EIB. It will help you to tone down the exercises or stop before the symptoms aggravate.
8. You should not take allergy-inducing foodstuffs before, during or after the exercise. Go to a nutrition expert and get a list of food items to be avoided.
9. During intensively hot climatic conditions, the patient must exercise only under supervision.
10. Do not do exercise when you are suffering from common cold, cough or chest infection.
11. Never breathe through your mouth while exercising; breathe only through your nose. This is a very important point to remember.
12. While sending children with EID to school, the parents should communicate this fact to the teachers and physical trainers. These children should necessarily take medicines before doing physical exercises, as prescribed by the doctor.
How should asthma patients work out?
Before beginning, asthma patients should warm up by doing some aerobic exercises. Likewise, they should conclude the exercise session with a cool down. Do each of them for 15 minutes. This will help prevent EID. Exercises like running, cycling and basket ball are not good for these people, as they will lead to asthma bouts. Instead, they should consider exercises like resistance training, swimming and baseball. Gradually, as the patient musters up strength, he/she can get to the next level as per the directions given by the trainer.
Workout keeping the illness in mind
In the contemporary scenario, most patients do not rely on medicines alone for cure, but they go to health clubs and do workouts. But, this also demands great amount of care. Many patients who work out regularly, could be suffering from serious illnesses like stroke, heart attack (could have undergone heart surgery), chronic diabetics, high blood pressure, cholesterol, spondylitis, back ache and knee pain. All kinds of exercises will not suit most of these patients. They should take into account the directives of their doctor and the advice of an experienced trainer. Exercises for them can be prescribed only after considering the kind of illness they are suffering from.