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Last Updated Tuesday February 06 2018 03:06 AM IST

Here are the secrets to a long and happy life

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Happiness

Davos: Changing your surroundings, rather than behavior might be the secret to a long and happy life, an expert said at the World Economic Forum (WEF) here on Thursday.

Dan Buettner, National Geographic Fellow and New York Times best-selling author, suggested that instead of the opulent megacities, middle sized cities tend to be much happier and big enough to allow people to find a good job, a mate as well as a social life.

"Happiness is about getting rid of the concerns like what if I get sick, what happens when I'm old. They're free to pursue their passions in their work," Buettner said.

"People should pick a job they love, socialize seven to eight hours a day, be happily in love, own a dog and live in the right place"

"If you want to get happier, don't change your behavior, change your surroundings," he said.

Living with a strong sense of purpose, energized by a social network of people (the right tribe and right community) who share healthy habits such as eating wisely and moving naturally - this interconnected and mutually supporting cluster of behaviours allows people to do the right things for long enough, and prevents them from chronic diseases such as heart attack, diabetes or cancer.

Nearly 40 per cent of an individual's happiness is under his or her control, Buettner said.

"This comes from "a 'balanced portfolio' in terms of your daily emotions, purpose and life satisfaction as well as a positive attitude. If your think you are happy, you actually are", he noted.

Buettner, an explorer, is also known for circling the globe on his bicycle to earn three Guinness Book of World Records.

He has discovered five places in the world - called the "Blue Zones" - Okinawa, Japan; Sardinia, Italy; Nicoya, Costa Rica; Ikaria, Greece, and Loma Linda, California - where people live the longest and are the healthiest.

According to Buettner, the happiest place in Asia is Singapore, because the country is based on a clear set of values - single language, harmony, home ownership, ethnic diversity, tough on crime and border security.

"When you look at the data, they report the highest level of life satisfaction, and they have one of the highest life expectancy and gross domestic product (GDP)," he said.

"Security is more important to our happiness than freedom," Buettner noted.

The happiest cohort of people in the entire world are Danish people, because ambition is not so high and their needs are taken care of and they are free to pursue their passion.

Moreover, people living in Costa Rica are the happiest as well as the longest living in the world, he said. It is because they place the highest values on family and religion, Buettner said.

"These people are interacting with each other socially more than seven to eight hours a day, not on Facebook, but in the real world, whether walking to church or carrying on everyday life," Buettner said.

The opinions expressed here do not reflect those of Malayala Manorama. Legal action under the IT Act will be taken against those making derogatory and obscene statements.

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